What Are Water Softeners, and How Do They Work?

September 15, 2022
Water Softeners in Ramona, CA

Water softeners remove certain minerals from water, such as calcium and magnesium. These minerals can cause hard water, making cleaning dishes, laundry, and yourself difficult. Hard water can also lead to clogged pipes and fixtures.

How Do Softeners Work?

Water softeners use an ion exchange process to remove these minerals from the water. Ion exchange is when ions (atoms with an electrical charge) are exchanged between two molecules. In the case of water softeners, the ions exchanged are the calcium and magnesium ions in the hard water for the sodium or potassium ions. The calcium and magnesium ions are attracted to the sodium or potassium ions, so they swap places. This process removes calcium and magnesium from the water, making it softer.

Water softening devices usually have a tank that holds the sodium or potassium ions. As the hard water passes through the tank, the calcium and magnesium are swapped out for sodium or potassium. The softened water then flows out of the tank and into your home. Water softeners need recharging periodically to replenish the supply of sodium or potassium ions.

Why Are Water Softeners Important?

Water softeners can make a big difference in your home. Softened water is easier on your plumbing and appliances and can save you money in the long run. The magnesium and calcium minerals in hard water can build up in your pipes and fixtures, making them less efficient and more likely to break. It can lead to higher water bills and expensive repairs. Softened water is also better for your skin and hair, and it can make laundry brighter and cleaner.

A water softener may be a good option if you have hard water. When buying a water softener, get one that is the right size for your home and needs. Our professionals at Marklein Plumbing can help you select and install the perfect water softener for your home.

We specialize in water filtration systems, softeners, drainage systems, and garbage disposals. Contact us today for all your plumbing needs in Ramona, CA, and the surrounding areas.

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